Parent Time

Infertility and the IVF Treatment Procedure

If you continue to have a problem getting pregnant, your doctor will conduct tests to discover the reason or reasons. Our bodies are wonderful mechanisms, but sometimes they can be thrown off by stress, and they are susceptible to aging, which is often responsible for infertility. Sometimes infertility can be corrected with careful planning or drugs: about as often as the problem is with the woman’s reproductive system, it is with the man’s. In fact, fertility experts attribute around 30% of infertility to female partners, 30% to male partners and the remainder to other factors. In fact, of the remaining 30%, 20% of the causes of infertility remain unknown.

Ovulation disorder is the most usual explanation for infertility in women. As we age, our ovaries begin to stop producing eggs, which is a leading cause of infertility in women over forty.

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Pelvic inflammatory Disease (PID) or endometriosis can also cause infertility in women by creating blockages in the fallopian tubes or cysts and adhesions that can prevent pregnancy. Fibroids can cause miscarriages and congenital factors that affect the uterus can also prevent or cause problems in pregnancy.

In men, infertility may be caused by low sperm count (oligospermia) or no sperm at all (azoospermia). Infertility can also result when sperm lack motility, and a few men are infertile as a result of chromosomal abnormalities. Tests for men include counting the sperm and looking at sperm quality. Infertility may be due to sperm that is incorrectly formed, that cannot swim, or that isn’t viable.

85-90% of infertility cases are treated with drugs or surgery, but in the remaining cases, you may have to resort to more technical methods. If your doctor determines that your partner’s sperm is not viable, there are still options. If some of the sperm is undamaged, you may decide to opt for in vitro fertilization (IVF). In IVF, eggs are removed from the ovaries, fertilized with sperm that has been vetted for quality, and implanted in the uterus. Since the eggs and sperm are mixed in a Petri dish, the procedure enables parents-to-be to bypass certain problems such as fallopian tube blockages, and the sperm bank can determine whether fertilization has occurred before implanting the embryos.

Typically, the male partner donates sperm which is then tested, determined to be viable, and frozen. IVF is also used in cases where there are problems with the female partner’s fallopian tubes. An IVF cycle costs around $12,500, and the odds of having a baby at the end of IVF are 29% --greater than the average 20% odds of having a baby under the usual conditions.

If your partner’s sperm is not viable, you may still wish to pursue pregnancy using donated sperm. There are nearly as many ways to choose a donor as you can think of: you may use sperm from a close family member of your partner (such as a brother) if you want your child to have as close a genetic resemblance to your partner as possible. You may have a friend donate sperm, but that may lead to emotional complications further on. You may prefer to get sperm from an anonymous donor, or from a donor who is “Willing-To-Be-Known”. In this type of scenario, the donor’s name is release to the resulting child when the child is 18 years of age.

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